Salicylic acid is a common ingredient found in many over-the-counter skincare products. It's a type of beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) that is oil-soluble, allowing it to penetrate into the pores of the skin. Salicylic acid is known for its ability to exfoliate the skin, reduce inflammation, and combat acne. But its uses extend beyond just skincare.
Warts are small, rough growths that can appear anywhere on the body. They're caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus with numerous strains. Some of these strains lead to the formation of warts.
There are several types of warts, including common warts, plantar warts, flat warts, and filiform warts. Each type appears on different parts of the body and has a distinct appearance. For instance, common warts often occur on the hands, while plantar warts are found on the soles of the feet.
Warts are generally harmless but can be unsightly and sometimes painful. They can also spread to other parts of the body or to other people through direct contact or by touching surfaces that a wart has touched.
Salicylic Acid for Wart Removal
When it comes to wart removal, salicylic acid is a popular choice. But how does it work? Salicylic acid works by softening the skin and dissolving the substance that causes skin cells to stick together. This makes it easier to remove the wart tissue, which is essentially an overgrowth of skin cells caused by the HPV virus.
Research has shown that salicylic acid is an effective treatment for warts. A study by the American Academy of Dermatology found that salicylic acid treatments can eliminate warts in as many as 75% of cases.
Salicylic acid treatments for warts come in various forms, including liquids, gels, and patches. These treatments are typically applied directly to the wart. Over time, the salicylic acid causes the wart to gradually peel away.
However, it's important to note that while salicylic acid is effective, it's not an instant solution. Wart removal with salicylic acid can take several weeks or even months. Patience and consistent application are key to successful treatment.
Over-the-Counter Salicylic Acid Treatments
Over-the-counter (OTC) salicylic acid treatments are readily available and easy to use. They come in various forms, including liquids, gels, pads, and patches. Some common brands include Salacto Wart Paint and Duofilm .
To use these products, follow these steps:
- Soak the affected area in warm water for 2 to 3 minutes.
- Dry the area thoroughly, using your own towel if you have a wart or verruca (this will help stop the infection spreading to other people).
- Gently rub away any loose, hard skin from the surface of the wart, verruca, corn or callus with an emery board or a piece of pumice stone:– if you are treating a wart or verruca, do not let anyone else use the emery board or pumice stone after you as the infection may spread to them.
- Unscrew the cap of the bottle and, using the applicator attached to the inside of the cap, carefully apply a few drops of the paint to the top of the wart, verruca, corn or callus only: avoid spreading onto surrounding healthy skin; allow each drop to dry for a few minutes before applying the next drop.
- If the treated area is on the sole of the foot, cover it with anadhesive plaster to help prevent the virus from spreading.Elsewhere, treated areas need not be covered.
- Always replace the cap of the bottle tightly after use.
- Repeat steps 1 to 6 every evening, after removing any plasterfrom the previous day.
Remember, consistency is key. It can take several weeks or even months for the wart to completely disappear, so don't be discouraged if you don't see immediate results.
Professional Salicylic Acid Treatments
While OTC treatments are effective for many people, there are times when you might need to seek professional help. If your wart is large, painful, or persistent, or if you have multiple warts, it's a good idea to consult a healthcare professional.
Professional treatments often involve higher concentrations of salicylic acid or other treatments like cryotherapy (freezing the wart), laser treatment, or minor surgery. Your GP can help you determine the best course of action based on your specific situation.
Side Effects and Precautions
Like any treatment, salicylic acid can have side effects. These can include skin irritation, peeling, or discomfort at the site of application. If you experience severe or persistent side effects, stop using the product and consult a healthcare professional.
Certain individuals should avoid salicylic acid. This includes people with diabetes or poor circulation, as they may have difficulty healing from skin irritations or wounds.
When using salicylic acid, it's important to apply it only to the wart, not the surrounding skin. Also, avoid using it on irritated or broken skin.
Always remember to wash your hands before and after applying the treatment to prevent the spread of the virus that causes warts. And, of course, never share your wart treatments with others.
Other Treatments for Warts
While salicylic acid is a popular and effective treatment for warts, it's not the only option. Other treatments include:
- Cryotherapy: This treatment involves freezing the wart with liquid nitrogen. It's a quick procedure that's often done in a healthcare provider's office.
- Laser treatment: This uses a laser to burn off the wart. It's usually reserved for warts that haven't responded to other treatments.
- Surgical removal: In some cases, a healthcare provider might choose to cut away the wart or destroy it by using an electric needle in a process called curettage and electrodessication.
These alternatives are typically considered when salicylic acid treatments aren't effective, or when the wart is large, persistent, or located on a sensitive area of the body. Your healthcare provider can help you determine the best treatment option for your specific situation.
Here are some commonly asked questions about salicylic acid and wart removal:
How long does it take for salicylic acid to remove a wart?
It can take several weeks to several months for a wart to completely disappear with salicylic acid treatment. The key is to be consistent with the treatment and patient with the results.
Can I use salicylic acid on any type of wart?
Salicylic acid is typically used on common warts and plantar warts. It should not be used on facial warts, genital warts, or warts with hair growing out of them. If you're unsure about the type of wart you have, consult a healthcare provider.
Is salicylic acid treatment painful?
Some people might experience slight discomfort or skin irritation when using salicylic acid. If you experience severe or persistent discomfort, stop using the product and consult a healthcare provider.
Can I use salicylic acid if I have sensitive skin?
If you have sensitive skin, you should use salicylic acid with caution. Start with a lower concentration and see how your skin reacts. If you experience severe or persistent skin irritation, stop using the product and consult a healthcare provider.
Can warts come back after treatment?
Yes, warts can come back after treatment. This is because most treatments, including salicylic acid, eliminate the wart but not the virus that causes the wart. To help prevent warts from coming back, avoid direct contact with warts and keep your skin clean and dry.
Remember, if you have any questions or concerns about warts or wart treatment, it's always a good idea to consult a healthcare provider or contact our pharmacist directly. They can provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date information based on your specific situation.